Unanimous Consent Agreement Definition
On April 13, 1846, Allen returned to the floor. A vote on the Oregon issue is inevitable, he argued, so why not “approve the exact day the Senate votes.” Such a measure would be acceptable, said James Morehead of Kentucky, “provided it is not considered a precedent.” But he set a precedent. Senators agreed on a consensus and unanimously agreed to close the debate and declare a vote. In June, the Senate approved the contractual decisions, a territory was created, and in 1859, Oregon became our 33rd state. Scientists believe this is the first example of the Senate adopting a formal agreement on the UC. With regard to the implementation of these agreements, the presiding officials took divergent positions. A presiding official said: “It was the president`s universal decision that the president cannot get a unanimous approval agreement, but that he must be in the honour of the senators themselves. 13 On another occasion, the Speaker of the Senate asked, “Is it the joy of the Senate to enforce or not the unanimous agreements?” Senator John Sherman, R-OH, responded that the President should “enforce the agreement on this bill.” The Speaker then asked, “In similar cases, what is the joy of the Senate?” Senator Eugene Hale, R-ME, replied, “We will cross this bridge when we get there.” 14 Cons: “Vice-Presidents Charles Fairbanks and James Sherman were not shy when it came to sometimes imposing unanimous approval agreements.” 15 objections are sometimes used as a delaying tactic. The opponent cannot agree with the proposal under consideration, but chooses to object in order to impose a formal vote that takes time and may include a period of debate.  Given their importance to chamber operations, it is worth understanding the context or origin of unanimous approval agreements. The purpose of this report is to determine how and why these informal agreements became special orders of the Senate that became enforceable by the presiding official. This report is updated if circumstances warrant.
For more information on unanimous approval agreements, see IRS Report 98-225, unanimously agreed in the Senate, by Walter J. Oleszek; CRS Report RS20594, How Unanimous Consent Agreements Regulate Senate Floor Action, by Richard S. Beth; and CRS Report 98-310, Senate Unanimous Consent Agreements: Potential Effects on the Amendment Process, by Valerie Heitshusen. For example, the adoption of legislation unanimously does not require that every member of a legislative power, a majority of members or even a quorum of representatives be present to vote.  The unanimous compliant opinion simply assumes that no representative of those present requested a registered vote or requested a quorum review. For this reason, the assertion that a law was passed “unanimously” if passed by “unanimous approval” may be misleading as to its level of assistance.  If an element is before the Assembly to act, z.B a dissolution, it is the right of each member to have it read once.  Another case of this requirement is the reading of the minutes.